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Acyclovir, or Acycloguanosine (brand name Zovirax®) is a medication that decreases the pain that sores and blisters resulting from varicella, herpes zoster, shingles and genital herpes gives rise to; it has also been found to speed the healing of such wounds and prevent the outbreaks of genital herpes sometimes. Belonging to the class synthetic nucleoside analogues, acyclovir stops the virus from spreading further in the body; however, it shall be a mistake to think that acyclovir is a cure to the diseases mentioned above and that it shall stop the infection from spreading to other people.

Acyclovir requires being stored at the room temperature away from excess heat and moisture and within the original container it came in; it should be tightly closed and to be kept out of reach of children. It comes in the form of orally administered tablets, capsules and suspension and is taken with or without food for twice (minimum) to five times (max.) every day for a 5 – 10 day period. The dose must be started immediately after the symptoms are detected and in case of genital herpes, it should be continued for up to 12 months at a stretch. Other uses of Acyclovir include treatment of Eczema Herpeticum in HIV positive patients as well as oral
Hairy Leukoplakia.

Acyclovir is to be avoided if one is allergic to it or is under certain medications involving amphotericin B, aminoglycoside antibiotics, aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and sulfonamides. Previous or current problems with the immune system or renal disorders are a bar to the use of this medicine. Pregnant women or those are breast-feeding must also avoid this drug.

Regarding side effects, Acyclovir may initiate an upset stomach; vomiting; diarrhea;

Dizziness; tiredness; agitation; joint pain; hair loss and changes in vision. More intense ones may comprise the formation of rash or blisters; itching, difficulty in sleeping, breathing and/or swallowing; stomach pain; cramps and involuntary
shaking of a body part; seizures and loss of consciousness.


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