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Angina



ANGINA DESCRIPTION


The disease of Angina may be described as a squeezing pain or a pressing feeling in the chest region. This discomfort is mostly caused by blockages in the arteries that are responsible in supplying blood to the heart. This disease is also referred to as coronary artery disease or heart disease. The disease of angina is highly responsible for increasing the chances of other heart diseases.

The basic symptoms associated with the disease of angina:

The basic symptoms that describe this disease is generally described as crushing or heavy and gripping pain. This unbearable pain in areas like:

• Centre of the chest
• In the neck region
• Around the jaws
• As well as arms, especially on the left arm.

Basic causes of the disease:

The disease of angina is pretty similar to muscle cramps ocuring during exercise. It is primarily caused by the pulmonic muscles, or the muscles of the heart. As these muscles do not receive enough amounts of oxygen for the work they perform, this sensation of pain is created in the muscles of the heart. This lack of oxygen is caused by the narrowed blood vessels that fail in supplying the required maonts of oxygen to the pumping station of the human body. Even though this narrowing of blood vessels comes naturally with age, it is accelerated with an individual’s smoking habits. Diabetics and obese individuals are more likely to suffer from this disease.

Treatment options of the disease

The treatment options of the disease include:

• Rest medications (nitroglycerin, calcium chanellblockers, beta blockers)
• Percutaenous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
• Coronary artery bypass graft suregery (CABG).

Other preventive measures

These include:

    Loss of extra weight.
    Proper eating habits with a good fibre intake.
    Regular exercise.
    Avoiding unnecessary stress.
    Lower intake of alcohol
    Minimum addition of salt to food.


ANGINA

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