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Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin protein sold in the market by the brand name Botox. This toxin is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Botulinum toxin, a highly poisonous substance was first developed for biological warfare. However, later it turned out to be a darling in the beauty business. Botox can be used in minute doses in cosmetic treatment as well as treatment of painful muscle spasms. Botox has also proved to be effective in treating diseases like blepharospasm and strabismus. However, Botox is more famous for treating wrinkles and facial folds due to ageing.

What is the process in which Botox work?

Botox has the ability to block signal transduction from the nerves to the muscles. When Botox is injected in the muscle, the muscle loses the ability to contract which in turn relaxes and softens the wrinkles. Botox is generally used in treating the wrinkles and folds on the forehead, around the eyes as well as frown lines. Wrinkles caused by sun damage and gravity will not respond to Botox. However, Botox can do little in treating the wrinkles caused due to sun exposure or gravity.

What is the procedure of Botox treatment?

In Botox treatment the time taken is very short and no anesthesia is required. Botox is injected with a syringe into the specific muscles. Three to seven days are usually required for proper manifestation of the effect of Botox. Certain measures should be taken before and after the treatment, for example, alcohol should be avoided a week prior to treatment. Anti-inflammatory drugs and Aspirin should be
stopped a couple of weeks prior to treatment.

How long the effect lasts?

The effects of Botox may last up to a maximum of six months. The lines and wrinkles appear once again as muscle action gradually returns to normalcy. However, the wrinkles that appear after few months of Botox treatment are not as severe as before because by that time the muscles already acquires the ability to relax.

Possible side effects of Botox: -

* Temporary bruising
* Headaches
* Drooping of eyelid

Botox is now used worldwide for cosmetic purposes and is the most popular form of
beauty treatment right now!


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