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Cipro or ciprofloxacin hydrochloride is a known treatment for an individual who has been exposed to anthrax (inhaled form). The oral form of this antibiotic (oral fluoroquinolone) was introduced 19 years ago by Bayer Pharmaceuticals while the intravenous form was introduced in 1991.

This medication is available in at least 100 countries and has been prescribed for more than 340 million patients all over the world. Its extensive safety profile is attributed to the various clinical and extensive studies and documentation of double blind trials on over 100 thousand patients worldwide.

Cipro is also used to treat 14 types of bacterial infections particularly urinary tract infections such as:

* Chronic bacterial prostatitisl
* Pyelonephritis
* Acute uncompliczted cystitis
* Pseudomonas aeruginosa
* Escherichia coli

Before taking in Cipro, a patient should inform his doctor if he has kidney problems, allergic reaction to medications such as antibiotics, join problems or epilepsy. Pregnant and lactating women should not take Cipro as it can have adverse effects to the baby.

Patients are advised not to take in dairy products along with Cipro as it can make the medicine less effective. However they can take dairy products like milk, yogurt or calcium-fortified juice when eating a regular meal. Symptoms of the illness may improve even before all the prescribed medication has been used but the patient should not stop from taking in Cipro since there is a chance the infection has not
yet been fully treated.

Cipro should be taken in with a full glass of water and should not be chewed of broken. A person taking in Cipro should avoid caffeine as the latter can strengthen the effects of caffeine. Prolonged exposure to sunlight UV rays is also discouraged as Cipro makes the skin more sun-sensitive and can easily cause sunburn.

Patients are urged to be careful when driving or performing any hazardous activity when taking in Cipro as it can cause drowsiness. The symptoms of an overdose include urination problems, blue lips, pale skin, seizures and weakness. Among the known side effects of Cipro are:

* Allergic reactions
* Breathing difficulty
* Swelling
* Hallucinations
* Seizures
* Depression
* Suicidal thoughts
* Diarrhea
* Chest pains
* Palpatations
* Jaundice
* Insomnia

Cipro should not be taken in with Zanaflex. When taking another medication, it is best to take it six hours before or two hours after taking in Cipro. This should be followed even when taking medicines like Videx, Carafate, Rolaids or Tums. Other medications can react with Cipro so it is best to tell your doctor if you are taking Theophylline, Warfarin, Probenecid, Insulin or Glipizid , Ibuprofen, Naproxen or


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