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CROHNS DISEASE DESCRIPTION
Crohn’s disease is a chronic condition of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by the transmural inflammation, and skip lesions. It is also referred as a type of inflammatory bowel disease, which can affect any part of the tract ranging from mouth to anus. The main symptoms of this disease are: significant weight loss, constipation, abdominal pain and diarrhea. This disease can even cause problems outside the gastrointestinal tract such as arthritis, skin rashes and inflammation of eyes. This disease is more prevalent in North America and according to reports; between 400,000 and 600,000 people suffer from this chronic disorder. It develops during the teenage period.
Though, the perfect reason behind the cause of this disease is not known, it is often believed that it is genetically transferred. This disease may lead to many complications within the intestines, such as fistulae, obstruction, and abscesses. Fistulae generally develop between the bowel and the skin, obstruction occurs from adhesions which block the lumen and abscesses occur in the abdomen.
Crohn’s disease sometimes may even lead to cancer in the area of inflammation, if neglected in the starting stage. There are several ways to diagnosis the crohn’s disease. The popular option nowadays used is the endoscopy test. It is considered as the best test because it allows direct visualization of the inflammation, identifying the pattern of disease involved. Sometimes, radiologic tests and blood tests are also used.
Crohn’s disease can affect both men and women equally and it seems to genetically transfer in some family. It is ascertained that 20 percent of patients with Crohn’s disease have blood relative with some form of the inflammatory bowel disease. Jewish people have an increased risk of developing this disease. This disease is also called as ileitis or enteritis.
Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease
The most common symptom includes: abdominal pain and diarrhea. Fever, rectal bleeding, arthritis, weightloss and skin disorder may also occur. If bleeding is serious then it may lead to anemia. Children who are suffering with this disease may have delayed development and growth. It is not particular that these symptoms are same in all patients. It may vary from person to person.
Crohn’s disease may also cause sores or ulcers in your urinal bladder, vagina or skin. Generally, it is believed that nutritional disorder causes this disease such as lack of proteins, vitamins and calories etc that is caused because of lack of adequate dietary intake, poor absorption, intestinal loss of protein and etc.