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Dilantin, available in forms of Dilantin Infatabs, Dilantin-125, Dilantin Kapseals and Phenytek is an anti-epileptic drug (anticonvulsant) that comes in 30-mg and 100 mg extended-release capsules. It’s ingredients are Phenytoin sodium, USP in 30 mg or 100 mg quantities along with lactose, confectioner’s sugar, talc, and magnesium stearate as the inner content while the shell of the capsule has colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C red No. 3, gelatin, glyceryl mono-oleate and sodium 1-dodecanol sulfate common. The 30-mg capsule shell has citric acid, FD&C blue No. 1; sodium benzoate, and titanium dioxide as additional components; for the 100-mg, it’s FD&C yellow No. 6, purified water and polyethylene glycol 200.

Information you should know

Dilantin is meant for controlling seizures but not of all types. It acts by slowing down seizure initiating impulses in the brain. Requires emergency medical help if any allergic reaction shows up as a side effect including hives; difficulty in breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat. The same is advised if there are any swollen glands detected after medication along with fever, sore throat, headache and severe blistering and peeling of red skin rash. It may also give rise to uncontrolled thought patterns, confusions, hallucinations and a weird behavior accompanied by a slur in speech; lack of balance and coordination; involuntary eye-muscle movements; tongue, jaw and/or neck muscle spasms and tremors. Abnormal thirst and/or hunger has also been noticed as well as less water retention, nausea, abdominal pain, dark urine and clay-colored stools, jaundice, abnormal bruises and/or bleeding.

Dilatin is advised to be avoided if a person is (and was formerly) affected with any liver disease; porphyria; diabetes and vitamin D deficiency. Regular blood tests are required for diabetics under a Dilantin medication. Pregnant women or those planning for it must let their doctor know since it can harm the baby either way – in the womb or through breast milk. Dilantin reduces the effects of birth control pills as well. Those who use birth control pills must go for a non-hormonal variety. Alcohol consumption and antacids are to be avoided for the body to absorb the
medication properly.

Directions for taking Dilantin

Dilantin must be continued even after the prescribed tenure ends. Discontinuation brings seizures back, but care must be taken to prevent overdoses. The daily dose can be a different one, which only the doctor shall set. Dilantin is consumed whole. Leakage of inner content causes extra amount of chemicals go in the blood causing adverse effects. For suspensions (liquid form), a medicine cup is recommended to pour the right dose. A missed dose should be taken immediately upon notice if it’s not too close to the next one. Overdoses may result in fatal consequences making
a person faint and shallow his breathing.


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