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Eczema is also known as Excema. Eczema is known as a disease of the skin where there is inflammation of the skin along with redness and thickening of the skin. Eczema is also called dermatitis by a few people and doctors. The disease is prevalent in different parts of the world and every year it affects children as well as adults.
The disease is most common in the first two years of life. If Eczema is too acute then it is called a flare up. The flare ups can occur and intensify at any time and hence they are quite unpredictable. One does not know when the next flare up will take place. In mild forms of Eczema, the skin becomes hot, dry and itchy. In severe forms, the skin can become raw and start to bleed also. The disease is however not contagious. The disease is said to be heredity though. The people who are linked with Eczema are overly sensitive to specific allergens as a result of which their skin becomes very sensitive. There is irritation in the skin in the initial phases which can then turn into inflammation.
Eczema can eventually lead to anxiety and feelings of irritation. Hence it is very important to take the disease in its stride and learning to be as patient as possible. One can also learn stress management to handle the situation.
Types of Eczema
Adult seborrhoeic Eczema – In this type of Eczema, the head and the scalp region in the head is affected. The skin becomes red, dry and itchy.
Allergic contact dermatitis – In this case the skin becomes sensitive to different allergies and hence becomes red and patchy when it comes in contact with any allergen.
Irritant contact dermatitis – In this case the skin becomes irritated when it comes in contact with irritants such as perfumes and detergents.
Infantile seborrhoeic Eczema – This type usually occurs in infants but goes away in a few months.
Most of the above types of Eczema are caused by allergic reactions that occur in the skin.
Tips for Treatment
- To protect the skin of the hands, you can wear gloves.
- Try not to become too stressed out.
- Apply moisturizer on the skin everyday to prevent acute dryness.
- Try to wear clothes of cotton as it is most comfortable and causes no irritation to the skin.
- Try to avoid any allergens that can cause irritation to the skin.