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Furosemide is a water pill or a loop diuretic that facilitates passing of body salts through urine by preventing the body from absorbing too much of it. It is used for treating edema or fluid retention in congestive heart failure; liver diseases and kidney disorder patients as well as for those with high blood pressure or hypertension.

Information you should know

Furosemide is not for people who find it difficult to urinate; those who have gout, lupus and diabetes and are allergic to sulphonamides. The medicine requires a blood taste prior to its prescription along with tests for detecting any sort of kidney and liver dysfunctions.

Furosemide makes a person urinate frequently and thus may cause dehydration. It is recommended to have potassium enriched diet or a supplement and plenty of fluids while under medication, but it is the doctor who should be prescribing the supplement. Patients of hypertension need to continue the medication even if it is under control.

The medication is strictly discouraged in patients with difficulty in urination; for those with kidney and renal disorders, gout; lupus; diabetes or are allergic to sulphur-based drugs are advised to seek professional medical help before
commencing upon the use of this drug.

Side Effects

Furosemide gives adverse effects if the person under treatment is subjected to a direct exposure of sunlight and artificial UV rays. This is because the skin turns more sensitive and might receive severe sunburns. A sunscreen lotion of a minimum of SPF 15 and protective clothing is thus of prime importance.

Serious side effects of the drug are a dry mouth and unusual thirst; nausea and vomiting; weakness, drowsiness and restlessness; palpitations; muscle pain; skin rash; loss of hearing and sometimes a blurred vision.

Precautions you should take

The medicine is prohibited from usage if a person is undergoing treatment with medicines containing lithium; digoxin; certain steroids and ethacrynic acid; it’s usage is also discouraged if a person is on diet pills; blood pressure medications; salicylates and indomethacin. However, sucralfate containing medicines are allowed if taken at least 2 hours prior to or after a Furosemide dose.

Directions for taking Furosemide

Furosemide must be taken exactly as prescribed along with adequate water on a daily basis. In case a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible upon remembering but there should be considerable gap between the current dose and the next scheduled dose. Double doses of this medication may give rise to unwanted symptoms but shall pose no threat to life. However, certain symptoms like ringing ears, a reduced appetite, physical weakness and dizziness, lack of concentration, fainting and light-headedness are the most commonly noticed overdose symptoms. These require medical attention. In case Furosemide is
prescribed only for a one-time use, there shall be no dosing schedule.


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