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Genital warts


GENITAL WARTS DESCRIPTION

Genital warts are a type of sexually transmitted disease caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Genital warts can be of various shapes and sizes such as cauliflower-like or flat with stalks and found on the genitals or the area surrounding the anus. The virus causing genital warts are of different types. While some HPVs are more resistant to medical treatments others are associated with early stage of genital cancer. Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted disease which is commonly found to infect young people.

Symptoms of genital warts: -

Genital warts have no symptoms, as a result of which an infected person may transmit the disease to someone else without even knowing. Some people however, get visible signs of the disease. The warts generally do not hurt or itch. However, doctors can easily diagnose them by closely examining the skin of the genitalia and the associated regions either with the help of a magnifying glass or applying a special solution which makes these warts clearly visible. A PAP smear test can be performed in order to diagnose genital warts in females.

Incubation period of the disease: -

The incubation period of this disease may range from few weeks to several months. HPV can stay in the body and replicate lysogenically without manifesting any symptoms. In order to prevent the spread of such diseases a person who is having regular sex should go for regular medical check up for genital warts.

Preventive measures against genital warts: -

Restraining oneself from having unprotected sex or sex with multiple partners can prevent the spread of this disease. Use of latex condom during intercourse may be an effective measure against this disease.

Treatment of genital warts: -

If not treated at the right time, genital warts may lead to serious consequences. The warts multiply in number as well as grow in size. For female patients, genital warts may lead to cervical cancer or sterility. There are no medical treatments that can cure this disease completely. Doctors sometimes prescribe some medicines to partially or fully combat the disease. Laser and chemical treatment have also proved to be an effective way to cure this disease.

GENITAL WARTS

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