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GERD is abbreviated form of Gadtroesophageal Reflux Disease. This disease leads to inflammation or irritation of walls of gastrointestinal tract in esophageal region. And this is caused by reverse flow of acids from stomach to esophageal region. Main reason behind this is some changes taking place in barrier between stomach region and esophageal region. And this disease is mainly detected from symptoms like heartburn in case of adults. It becomes more difficult to detect if children or infants are affected.
How is GERD Caused?
A sphincter in lower esophageal region controls passage of ingested food products from esophagus to our stomachs. This sphincter usually acts as a one way passage, allowing only passage of food from esophageal region to stomach and acts as a barrier by not allowing any acidic by-products from stomach to regurgitate to esophageal region. But when this sphincter stops functioning properly, acids from stomach enter esophagus and cause GERD. Hectic lifestyles, incorrect diets and eating habits, excessive consumption of alcohol and medical conditions like diabetes, obesity and hiatal hernia usually lead to this sphincter mot working properly and thus causing GERD.
How to Treat GERD?
Treatment of GERD is done in several manners. To begin with, most basic treatment is having a proper diet. This means having shorter and regular meals, not having heavy food just before going to bed and having dinner early, avoiding excessive smoking and consumption of alcohol and so on. Sleeping facing left is also known to help. Drugs that can be taken include proton pump inhibitors like pantoprazole to prevent production of acids, coating agents like sucralfate to reinforce protective barrier and poromotility drugs like metoclopramide which empties stomach quicker and fastens esophageal sphincter.
But like as in case of many other diseases, in case of Gadtroesophageal Reflux Disease too prevention is a better option than cure. And by following a healthy lifestyle this disease can be easily kept at bay.