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Glucophage, an orally administered medication helps to control blood sugar levels in diabetics with insulin independent or type-2 diabetes, which is also used sometimes combined with insulin. Type 1 diabetes should not be; however, treated with this medicine. Glucophage’s chief constituent is Metformin.

Information you should know

Use of Glucophage is discouraged if there is a kidney or a liver disease prevailing; the same applies if one is also suffering from diabetic ketoacidosis. Doing so might invoke a life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis, detected by overall weakness and sleepiness; a slower than normal heart rate and coldness; muscular pain, short breath, stomach pain, light-headedness and fainting. It is also to be avoided temporarily if any x-ray or CT scan is required that involves dyes that are injected into the veins. In case of a congestive heart failure, the usage of this
medicine is not recommended.

Certain people are allergic to metformin; thus, they require the dosage to be adjusted and certain specific tests during the tenure of the treatment. The medicine falls under FDA pregnancy category B and thus poses no threats to unborn babies. However, it is still to be known whether Glucophage can pass into breast milk or if it can cause harm to a baby on its mother’s milk. Administering Glucophage to minors (younger than 10 years old) is not recommended; in case of the extended-release Glucophage XR, the lower age limit is 17 years.

Glucophage just forms a part of a complete treatment program and needs a person to be regular with it for the best possible results.

Directions for taking Glucophage

Dosage for Glucophage is set by the consulting physician and must not be altered at will. The medication needs to be administered orally with at least 8 ounces of water twice daily, half an hour before or after both breakfast and dinner and on a regular basis to derive the maximum benefits out of it. In case a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible upon remembering but there should be considerable gap between the current dose and the next scheduled dose. The doctor, for deriving the optimum results from this medication may alter the dosage. That also applies towards the injured; those with serious infection; or recovering from any type of surgery. If an overdose of the medicine occurs, signs of low
blood sugar may show up which can be as extreme as coma.


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