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Ibuprofen is a drug used to treat and reduce fever and pain or inflammation conditions caused by conditions such as headaches, back pains, arthritis, toothache, menstrual cramps or minor injury.

How it works

Ibuprofen is among the group of drugs called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Ibuprofen works by reducing hormones that causes inflammation and pain in the body.


Ibuprofen should be taken as it is directed on the label or prescribed by the doctor. The medication should not be taken in amounts larger than directed or for periods longer than recommended. The maximum daily amount of ibuprofen for adults is 800 milligrams per 3200mg per day. Ibuprofen should be taken with food or milk to lessen stomach upset. If it is in liquid form or as oral suspension it should be well shaken before usage. Be sure to take the required dose. Use a marked measuring spoon instead of a normal table spoon. If you don’t have one, ask for one from your doctor. If ibuprofen is in chewable tablet form it should be well chewed before swallow.

If you miss a dose

Do not try to make up for any dose you missed. Take the missed dose a soon as you remember. If it is close to the next dose, skip it and only take the next scheduled dose. An over dose of ibuprofen can cause damage to your stomach or

Side effects

Ibuprofen can cause any of the following symptoms.

    • chest pain, weakness, shortness of breath, slurred speech, problems with vision or balance;
    • black, bloody, or tarry stools;
    • coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds;
    • swelling or rapid weight gain;
    • urinating less than usual or not at all;
    • nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
    • fever, sore throat, and headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash;
    • bruising, severe tingling, numbness, pain, muscle weakness; or
    • Fever, headache, neck stiffness, chills, increased sensitivity to light, purple spots on the skin, and/or seizure (convulsions).

Keep taking ibuprofen and talk to your doctor if you have any of these less serious side effects:

    • upset stomach, mild heartburn, diarrhea, constipation;
    • bloating, gas;
    • dizziness, headache, nervousness;
    • skin itching or rash;
    • Blurred vision; or ringing in your ears.


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