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Incontinence is a medical condition marked by the lack of voluntary control over the excretory functions of the body. It involves the two distinct problems of ‘incontinence of feces’ and ‘incontinence of urine’. Urinary incontinence means the urinary bladder is no more capable of holding urine due to lack of control of the urinary sphincters, resulting in involuntary urine passage. Often this condition is temporary and stems from some underlying medical problem. Like wise, fecal incontinence refers to loss of control over bowel movement, resulting in involuntary excretion. The latter is more serious owing to the fact they often refuse to take proper medical assistance, gradually leading to social isolation out of the feelings of shame and humiliation.

What causes incontinence?

The common causes resulting to fecal incontinence are diarrhea, fecal impaction, muscular or nervous damage in the anal sphincter or rectum, abnormal strain of abdominal muscles, too much use of stimulant medicines, etc. As for urinary incontinence, there are several kinds, each with their own specific causes. Stress urinary incontinence is caused by weakness of the pelvic floor muscles. Urge incontinence results from inappropriate contraction of the detrusor muscle. Confusions, dementia, poor mobility, and poor dexterity are common causes of functional incontinence. Weakness of bladder muscles or blockage in urethra results in overflow incontinence.

How to prevent/cure it?

Proper exercise under the guidance of a medical professional is one of the most effective remedy against both kinds of incontinence. It goes on to strengthen the pelvic muscles, muscles around the rectum, and the muscles in the whole abdomen area. There are various special devices such as vaginal cones (for women) or techniques like electrical stimulation that effectively cure urinary incontinence. Control over the kinds of food you intake is very vital in case of fecal incontinence. In some cases, surgery is also recommended.


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