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MacroBID (generic name nitrofurantoin) is a medication by Norwich Eaton belonging to a class of drugs called antibiotics used for the treatment of urinary tract and bladder infections. It provides relief from pain, frequent urination and burning sensation. MacroBID is available as a capsule containing 100 mg of nitrofurantoin and other inactive ingredients including gelatin, lactose, magnesium stearate and titanium dioxide.
Information you should know
Pregnant women in their last term of pregnancy and in labor, those with reduced kidney functions and infants under one month should not use MacroBID. It may also be contraindicated in the presence of anemia, kidney disease, diabetes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, vitamin B deficiency and any type of debilitating disease. Lactating
women should also inform their doctor before taking the medication.
Adverse drug interactions include medications with magnesium such as magnesium salicylate and choline-magnesium salicylate, as well as antacids. These substances inhibit the absorption of the nitrofurantoin. Probenecid and sulfinpyrazone should also be taken with caution and under a doctor’s supervision. For diabetic patients, MacroBID may affect blood sugar readings in urine. It works best when the urine is acidic.
Directions for taking MacroBID
MacroBID should be taken with food or milk to prevent an upset stomach and to improve the absorption of the drug. It should be taken with a full glass of water and should not be crushed or chewed because it will disrupt the sustained release of the nitrofurantoin into the system. The entire prescription should be taken to ensure that the infection is fully treated. Symptoms may start to disappear before the end of the treatment but this does not mean the infection has been eliminated. Cutting short the prescription may result in a relapse. The typical recommended dose for sustained release medication is 100 mg taken twice a day. Regular-release MacroBID is typically prescribed in doses of 50mg to 100 mg four times a day. Dosages for children 12 years and younger will be determined by the doctor based on weight.
MacroBID has been known to cause inflammation of the lungs, which produces wheezing, coughing and difficult breathing. Pulmonary fibrosis, characterized by an abnormal increase in fibrous lung tissue has been known to gradually develop and prove fatal. It is therefore imperative to go for regular check-ups and to report persistent respiratory problems such as shortness of breath and chest pain, stomach pain, jaundice, fatigue and weakness, numbness, fever and chills and eye pain during treatment, especially if it is long-term. MacroBID may make your urine brown.
Side effects that are expected with MacroBID include rusty-brown urine, dizziness, nausea, and headaches. However, if the symptoms appear extreme, consult your physician immediately.
Instructions for Dosage
Never take antibiotics without a prescription as the active ingredients may not be appropriate for the specific infection you may have at any given time. MacroBID works only on certain bacteria, and is ineffective for viral infections. It is also dangerous to give the medication to anyone else even if they may have the same problem. There may be many reasons by MacroBID may be good for you but fatal
to other people