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Metformin is a drug used in treating diabetes insipidus. Metformin helps in regulating the blood sugar levels. Metformin is sometimes used along with insulin or other forms of medications; however, it cannot be used in treatment of diabetes mellitus. .

Things to consider before undergoing Metformin medication: -

Metformin medication should be avoided if the patient is suffering from some kind of kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease or diabetes ketoacidosis. Cases have been reported regarding some patients who had suffered from lactic acidosis during their course of Metformin treatment. Lactic acidosis is a life-threatening disease which exhibits the following symptoms- general weakness of the body, slow heart rate, sleepiness, muscle pain, shortness of breath, stomach ache, feeling cold and light-headed and fainting. Metformin should not be taken during an X-ray or CT scan where a dye is introduced inside the veins. Metformin should be typically avoided by hypoglycemic patients. Metformin can be used during pregnancy as this drug falls under FDA pregnancy category B and pose no harm to the embryo. Metformin should not be prescribed for a child of less than ten years.

How to take Metformin?

You need to follow your doctor’s prescription thoroughly and work accordingly. Make sure that you do not exceed the Metformin dose as instructed by the doctor otherwise you may face dangerous consequences. Metformin should always be taken with meal unless specified by the doctor. During the course of treatment, get your kidney and blood tested on a regular basis in order to avoid complications in the future.

What are the possible side effects associated with administration of Metformin?

Metformin may show the following side effects: –
• Lactic acidosis which results in general weakness of the body, sleepiness, reduced heart rate, light-headedness, fainting, muscle pain, etc.
• Allergic reactions leading to swelling of face, lips, tongue and throat, breathing problems, hives, etc.
• Rapid weight gain, flu symptoms, pain in the whole body, headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.


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