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Morphine is included in the class of narcotic pain reliever drugs. Morphine is used in the treatment of moderate as well as severe pain. Short-acting morphine can be taken as and when the pain arises whereas extended-release morphine is meant for a long and extended pain relief.

Things to consider before prescribing Morphine: -

Morphine should be avoided by patients who have used MAO inhibitor such as phenelzine, isocarboxazid, selegiline, rasagiline or tranylcypromine in the past couple of weeks as the combination of morphine and MAO inhibitors may lead to serious consequences. Morphine should not be prescribed for patients who are allergic to morphine or suffering from breathing problems such as asthma or suffering from paralytic ileus. Morphine should typically be avoided in the following cases: –

    • Liver or kidney disease;
    • Asthma, sleep apnea, COPD or other breathing problems;
    • History of head injury or brain tumor;
    • Addison’s disease, hypothyroidism, epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
    • History of drug and alcohol addiction
    • Psychiatric problems
    • Curvature of spine, enlargement of prostrate, micturition problems or low blood pressure.

Morphine may lead to serious addiction so it should not be prescribed for a patient who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Morphine falls under FDA pregnancy category C which states that this drug may pose to be harmful to the embryo. This medicine is not suitable for patients less than 18 years old.

How to take Morphine?

Morphine should be taken as prescribed by the doctor. Do not exceed the normal dose as it may cause adverse effects on your health. Morphine is available in the market in the form of a pill. The pill should not be crushed or broken to be swallowed in whole.

What are the possible side effects associated with this drug?

There are various kinds of side effects exhibited by Morphine such as the following: –
• Allergic reactions leading to hives, breathing problem and swelling of face, lips, tongue and throat;
• Shallow breathing, reduced heartbeat, insomnia;
• Confusion, nausea, severe weakness, dizziness, headache, anxiety, vomiting;
• Diarrhea, stomach pain, constipation or loss of appetite;
• Light-headedness or fainting;


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