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PMS (Premenstrual syndrome) DESCRIPTION

Premenstrual syndrome is a medical state wherein there are signs or indicators that a woman is about to have her monthly menstrual period. These signs can either be physiological or physical forms and are usually manifested few days before the onset of the menstrual period. This is a cyclic episode which always appears before menstruation, usually about two weeks prior to the period, and ends at the onset or early days of the menstrual period.

There are no known causes for the PMS but it is speculated that it has to do something with the inconsistent level of the female hormones, the estrogen and the progesterone as the body prepares for the start of the menstruation cycle.

Information that you should know about PMS

Pre-menstrual syndrome usually varies in every woman. There are some women who experiences lesser symptoms while there are some who experience a lot of signs at the same time or in succeeding manner. The severity of these signs also varies month after month. The most usual symptoms are breast tenderness, bloating, aggression, headaches, tearfulness and irritability. Others may experience signs like food cravings or overeating, mood swings and depression. It is estimated that at least 85% of women are experiencing PMS and only 2% to 10% of these women experience harsh symptoms.

There is no known cure for PMS but there are ways on how to minimize the symptoms. A woman can be relieved from the symptoms if she knows the process on how or when the symptoms begin. Proper education can help someone to be relieved. When a woman knows her cycle and identifies when the symptoms will start and when it will finally be over, she will be relieved with the situation.

How to manage PMS

Another way is through a healthy lifestyle. Women who exercises, eat balance diet and have complete hours of rest show lesser symptoms compared with women who do not observe these things. Balance diet includes lessening your intake for sugar, salt and caffeine. Diet should also include supplements and high complex carbohydrates. Exercise should be done everyday. Walking up and down the stairs will do as long as it is done frequently.

There are some over the counter medicine which relieves some symptoms of Pre-Menstrual Syndromes. These medicines come from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory dugs like aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen. It treats symptoms such as migraine or headache, abdominal cramps, breast tenderness and backache. There are also some anti-depressants which may be helpful in treating symptoms like depression and anxiety. Diuretic spironolactone, a prescription medicine is also efficient in reducing the fluid retention in the body during PMS.

PMS is already a part of woman’s life but there are certain ways on how to be relieved from it. With proper knowledge and healthy diet, a woman can still enjoy her menstrual cycle.


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