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Urinary Tract Infection


Bacteria such as the chlamdia trachomatis and mycoplasma hominis that invade the urinary system and multiply cause urinary tract infections. Urinary tract is the body’s filtering system for the removal of liquid wastes. Women are more susceptible to bacteria which may invade the urinary tract and multiply, which results in infection.


The urge to urinate frequently, which may occur immediately after the bladder is emptied, a painful burning sensation, discomfort or pressure in the lower abdomen, cramping in the pelvic area or back, urine often has a strong smell, looks cloudy, or contains blood, occasionally fever may develop, are the possible symptoms of the disease.

The urinary tract infections are generally referred to as simple and complicated. Simple infections usually takes place in healthy urinary tracts and does not spread to other parts of the body. Whereas the complicated infections are caused by anatomic abnormalities, spread to other parts of the body, and are sometimes resistant to antibiotics. Usually urinary infections are much common in adults than in children, but 1-2% of children do get infected. About 40% of women and 12% of men acquire the disease in their life. A third of these women do have a recurrence within a year. Diagnosis is done with the help of ultrasound, specialized x-rays and urine examination.


Urinary tract infections are cured by using antibacterial drugs. Though the type of drugs prescribed and the duration of the treatment depends upon the type of bacteria found but mostly urinary tract infections are treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, or fluoroquinolones. The condition may improve within a few days on taking medicine but 1 to 2 weeks of medication is advised to prevent kidney infection. A urinary analgesic such as phenazopyridine (pyridium) may also be prescribed to treat the pain which comes with complicated urinary tract infection. Plenty of fluid intake is adviced to flush through the urinary system. If the condition is severe hospital treatment may be necessary.


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